Therapy Styles

Momentous Counselling offers a diverse range of therapy styles, from Adlerian to Strength-based approaches, tailored to individual needs. Whether it’s understanding early experiences, exploring attachment styles, or utilizing techniques like CBT or EMDR, our counselors aim to create a supportive environment for personal growth. With a focus on client strengths and autonomy, Momentous Counselling helps clients achieve their therapeutic goals.

Adlerian Therapy

Alderian Therapy was developed by Alfred Adler. Adler emphasized the importance of feelings of belonging, relationships within the family, value systems, and birth order. Additionally, Adlerian therapy considers community and social aspects when working with clients. He believed in working with clients holistically and looked at aspects of clients’ work, friendships, and love, spirituality and coping. Additionally, he was an advocate for social justice.
How can it help?

Adlerian therapy helps clients understand how early life experiences influence their lives today. By increasing self-awareness clients are often able to increase self-compassion and better regulate their emotions. It can be applied to trauma, addictions, anxiety, depression, and other mental health symptoms.

Attachment Style Therapy

The way we connect in relationships looks different for every partnership. Relationship dynamics, how we feel loved, and how we resolve conflict are influenced by our early childhood experiences and caregivers. Behaviours and worldviews are learned from family.

How can it help?

Attachment Style Therapy helps clients understand how they feel connected and loved by others. It also helps us understand how we respond to conflict.

CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy)

Many clients find CBT very effective. CBT helps clients increase their awareness of how thoughts, feelings, and behaviours are connected. The counselling focus is usually on the present and solving current problems. Counsellors help clients identify problematic or unhelpful thoughts so they can begin to shift to more realistic and positive thinking. CBT is a common type of therapy and research has shown it to be effective.

How can it help?

Clients who want to attend counselling short-term or have funding for a limited number of sessions. It also works well for people who like actionable steps, homework, and a process to integrate change.

Cultural Counselling

Culture plays an important role in our upbringing and worldviews. Age, disAbility, gender, ethnicity and other unique features that make you YOU are important in social contexts. At Momentous, we have counsellors with different cultural backgrounds. We also know that clients are the experts of their situation and remain client-centred to cater to the client’s needs. We have therapists who are BIPOC, and LGBTQ+ allied. Many of us have taken additional training in Indigenous Cultural Awareness, Gender Equality and Gender Diversity.

How can it help?

People who want a deeper understanding of self may benefit from cultural counselling. Additionally, people who are in relationships with someone from another culture may have a better understanding when combining cultural counselling with couples therapy.

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DBT (Dialectical Behaviour Therapy)

Similar to CBT, DBT uses thought patterns and cognitive behaviours to change perspectives while also incorporating emotional regulation, mindfulness and sitting in discomfort. DBT helps a person find a balance between change and acceptance while also teaching clients new coping skills. Additionally, when clients adapt and incorporate coping skills, they can apply these strategies to a myriad of circumstances, with significant long-lasting effects.

How can it help?

DBT was first developed to treat borderline personality disorder (BPD) and suicide. However, now, it’s also widely used for eating disorders, PTSD, substance use, and mood disorders. According to studies, DBT can reduce the need for medical care and medications by 90%!

EFT (Emotionally Focused Therapy)

Are you often in a toxic relationship? Do you feel relationship insecurities? Does the thought of conflict make connections difficult? EFT is an attachment-oriented approach that dives into past relationships to explore how they lead to current patterns of feeling, thinking and behaving.

How can it help?

EFT helps create awareness around attachment-based triggers, and cycles of ineffective emotional regulation, and instead, creates corrective emotional experiences. It has been effective in treating depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, self-criticism, and relationships. Those who have a better relationship with themselves will also have a better relationship with others. EFT also helps clients delve deeper into their emotions and recognize somatic symptoms and the purpose that emotions serve.

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)

Have you talked it out and you’re still experiencing distress? Are you done telling your story, only to hope that something will be different this time? You know something needs to change, but how?

EMDR uses less talking, and more thinking, and uses loosely associated memories and images to reprocess memories. With the assistance of tapping, eye movements, or audio stimulation, clients focus more on the emotions and symptoms to help with integrating memories so clients can move beyond their trauma.

How can it help?

EMDR therapy is a research-proven method to help people recover from trauma and other distressing life experiences, like anxiety, phobia, addictions, grief, dissociative disorders, and personality disorders. The duration of EMDR is often shorter than traditional psychotherapy methods, making it an affordable option for those seeking therapy.

Exposure Therapy

Do you experience an intense negative reaction to certain items or situations? Does the thought of these put you in a state of anxiety or fear? Do you want to move beyond this fear so you can experience life without being in a heightened state? Perhaps you’d be suited for exposure therapy.
This approach first prepares clients with practical mindfulness tools to help with their external triggers. Slowly, and in a controlled manner, therapists introduce the trigger either through imagination and imagery, with the use of technology or in a real-life setting. With client feedback, the therapist will increase the duration, and intensity of the trigger once the client’s level of tolerance increases. The length of therapy for Exposure Therapy can vary, depending on the complexity of the trigger.

How can it help?

People with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), PTSD, social anxiety or phobias can benefit from Exposure therapy. However, it can be a distressing approach, because you will be facing your fears.

Expressive & Creative Therapies

This encompasses imagery, storytelling, music, dance, movement, visual arts, or a combination. Expressive therapies use non-verbal communication as a vessel for healing. Despite the association of expressive and creative arts with children, people of all ages can use expressive effectively.

There are two main components to expressive therapy. One, art as therapy, and the other as psychotherapy. Art as therapy, such as adult colouring books, and playing music, uses art as a coping strategy. These tools can help with anxiety, depression and other mental health symptoms. It can help us calm our nervous system.

Alternatively, expressive arts as psychotherapy is more in-depth. Through expressive arts, we explore themes and meaning-making. It is often used as an alternative to talk therapy for trauma, depression and other areas of distress. Recent studies suggest that expressive therapies are just as effective as CBT.

How can it help?

Sometimes traumas and memories are stored in the non-verbal parts of our brain. Through expressive and creative arts, we can process our emotions. It also helps with communication. Sometimes, things are too scary to say and easier to show or draw instead.

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Gestalt is a German word that means “whole.” It is an effective therapy that integrates real-life scenarios into counselling sessions. It is a form of therapy based on increasing a person’s awareness, freedom, and self-direction. It focused more on the present instead of past experiences. It is also based on the idea that people are influenced by their environment and relationships.

How can it help?

Gestalt is helpful when clients are experiencing difficult relationships, are stuck in conflict, and feel like the people around them impact their mood and feelings. Role plays, empty chair techniques, and externalizing emotions are commonly used techniques.

IFS (Internal Family Systems)

First, we need to imagine that we have parts, or subpersonalities, that try their best to help us succeed in life. (Think of the Disney movie Inside-out). However, sometimes, these parts are in conflict with each other and with our core self. The idea is to assume that all our parts are good and find ways to live and cope with them more harmoniously.

How can it help?

IFS has proven to be successful for clients experiencing depression, anxiety and trauma-related disorders. It is a helpful and useful tool for clients with complex trauma.

Lifespan Integration Therapy

You know your story, but now what? Do you feel like you’ve repeated this story over and over again, but your trauma is still there and affecting your life? Lifespan Integration uses your life journey’s timeline as a stepping stone to re-story your life. With imagery, we go back in time and explore what support would have looked like back then and use our body-mind connection to integrate memories. By re-storying our lives, we reintegrate our memories, thus gently reducing the effects of trauma.

How can it help?

Lifespan Integration is often used for victims of violence, abuse, neglect and other complex traumas. If you’ve tried CBT but it’s not working, let’s try something new.

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Momentous counsellors can integrate mindfulness into sessions to increase awareness of the sensations and feelings we are experiencing in the present moment, and without judgement. Mindfulness helps increase relaxation and decrease stress.

How can it help?

Clients who begin to practice mindfulness often begin to feel better about themselves and have reduced anxiety. It also helps increase focus, attention, and stamina. Mindfulness can help clients live in the present moment and not be stuck in the past of future thinking and fearing what is to come and what has happened. It is an effective strategy for anxiety, depression, pain management, and stress, especially in the present.

Narrative Therapy

Narrative therapy is where clients identify values and associated skills. The counsellor then helps clients create stories about themselves and their identities which is helpful.

How can it help?

Narrative therapy challenges clients to separate themselves from the problem to better understand the factors contributing to their situations. Narrative therapy is often effective with clients who are overwhelmed with negative thoughts, emotions, and experiences. It is also helpful for clients who are biased or are struggling to see situations from different perspectives.


Every client that we encounter is unique with different skills, strengths, and challenges. When working with clients and designing a treatment plan we understand that no two clients are the same. We also view clients as the experts of their lives and never assume we know best. We approach clients with empathy, non-judgmental, and unconditional positive regard. Our counsellors are open to feedback and work together with clients to find the best counselling approach.

How can it help?

Clients who have never been to therapy or were unsuccessful the first time could benefit from this gentle approach. Counsellors work collaboratively to determine goals and the best use of your time in counselling sessions.

Play Therapy

We have counsellors trained in play therapy and who have extensive experience working with school-aged children 5-17. If you have a child you feel would benefit from counselling, please reach out to find out how we can help. We understand that children sometimes have difficulty expressing themselves and identifying their emotions. We integrate techniques into sessions and use metaphors to help children in a safe environment.

How can it help?

Play therapy helps children express themselves through non-verbal communication. It does not require children to understand or think about abstract concepts. Play therapy allows children to work.

Sandtray Therapy

Sandtray therapy uses sand and figurines. We have counsellors who have their sandtray certification. Sandtray therapy offers a safe environment to express memories and experiences that would otherwise be too difficult to process or talk about. We utilize sandtray prompts and meaning-making so clients can process their past.

How can it help?

Clients who have language barriers or have a tough time talking about their concerns often benefit from Sandtray Therapy. Clients who like the use of imagery, and metaphors also find sandtray therapy beneficial. It has many applications and can be effective for a myriad of mental health concerns, including anxiety, depression, identity, emotional regulation, trauma, self-discovery, compassion and more.

(SFBT) Solution-Focused Brief Therapy

SFBT is a short-term, evidence-based approach that focuses on the solutions, rather than the problem. Hope and positivity can help you feel a sense of direction and can create great future goals. This friendly, motivating approach helps clients co-construct positive and sustainable solutions that explore the ideas of previous “exceptions” to current beliefs and ways of living. Using these exceptions, therapists emphasize implementing more exceptions to create positive momentum.

There are three major principles of SFBT:

  • If it’s not broken, don’t fix it
  • If it’s working, do it more
  • If it’s not working, do something different

So how can a therapist work with you in this lens? SFBT respects client autonomy and uses a lot of questioning. We will look at your current resources and strengths so you can be a catalyst for change.

How can it help?

The brevity of this approach suits clients with financial constraints and has been successfully implemented with various client populations. It is equally effective in-person, and virtually, and has been implemented effectively for anxiety, depression, addictions, coping, with youth, BIPOC, and 2SLGBTQ+.

Strength-based approach

Using a strength-based approach counsellors help clients recognize their skills, strengths, and accomplishments. As clients begin to recognize their strengths they often begin to feel better. Our counsellors walk alongside clients as they identify times they have been successful and managed difficult situations.

How can it help?

Strength-based therapy is effective for clients who struggle with anxiety, depression, self-acceptance, self-esteem, self-confidence, and self-compassion.

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